Daniel 10 | Who Is the Prince of Persia in the Bible?

The prince of Persia in the Bible is a demonic power in Satan’s army that is over the region known today as Iran. God has an angel army, and so does Satan. These armies are at war in the heavenly places over Israel’s land and surrounding region. Since the beginning, Satan has been opposing the Jewish people and the land. 


  • Who the prince of Persia is in the Bible
  • How the prince of Persia is at work today
  • Why Satan hates the Jewish people


There Are Demonic Powers at Work Today

As you read scriptures such as Ephesians 6:12, you find that we do not war against flesh and blood…

“but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.”


Knowing this reveals what happens in the physical realm as a shadow of what happens in the spiritual realm



Some Background on the Prince of Persia in the Bible

Israel’s land is referred to in the Bible as the Promised Land, “flowing with milk and honey.” This represents the land’s agricultural abundance. Satan is always against what and who God is for. Therefore, he is after the Jewish people and the land of Israel.


The Prince of Persia in the Book of Daniel

In 605 B.C., Babylonians plundered the land and carried Hebrew children back to Babylon. Daniel was one of these children. He prophesied and wrote the Book of Daniel while in Babylonian captivity.

God gave Daniel a series of visions about the last days; however, Daniel didn’t understand what he saw, so he prayed to God and asked for clarity. God sent an angel to explain the vision and what was happening in the spiritual realm…

“But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty-one days; and behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left alone there with the kings of PersiaNow I have come to make you understand what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision refers to many days yet to come.”—Daniel 10:13-14 (emphasis added)


At the time of Daniel’s vision, the Persian Empire was decades from emerging. Yet, Daniel 10 reveals that Satan was working behind the scenes to raise up a demonic prince who would pull the strings of the earthly kings to come.


The Prince of Persia Is a Demonic Prince

What is a demonic prince? It is a high-ranking angel in Satan’s army that has power over a region or territory. The world is regionally divided both in the physical and the spiritual. God has angelic armies stationed around territories, and so does Satan. 


Michael Is a Prince in God’s Army

Daniel 12:1 says the archangel Michael is “the great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people…” He is the high-ranking defender and protector of Israel in God’s army.


The Angel Sent to Daniel Was Held Hostage by the Prince of Persia

The angel sent to explain the vision to Daniel was held hostage by the prince of Persia in the Bible for 21 days. The archangel Michael was sent to help him break free from the demonic prince so he could deliver the message to Daniel. 

Daniel 10:2 tells us that when Daniel prayed, God responded by sending an angel. But Daniel continued to pray until the angel appeared 21 days later. Don’t pass over the importance of steadfast prayers. The angel was dispatched as soon as Daniel prayed, but opposition from the enemy came, delaying his arrival. Daniel continued to pray, and eventually, there was a breakthrough. This is one reason to continue praying for Israel, just like Daniel did.  



The Same Princes and Principalities Are Battling Today

A battle between an angel and a demon, depicting the prince of Persia in the Bible battling the angel of God.

The same prince of Persia in the Bible who stood against the angel in God’s army during Daniel’s time and the same archangel Micheal who watched over the Jewish people in the 6th century B.C. are the spiritual forces at war in the 21st century.


Persia Is Iran

Persia is the piece of land known today as Iran. Iran was known as Persia until 1935. Satan raised up a prince of Persia in 550 B.C. to stop the move of God and burden the people of God just as he is doing today. At this moment, Iran is waging war against Israel. 

One thing everyone agrees on is that Iran is funding Hamas and Hezbollah. The stated goal of Iran is the destruction and annihilation of the Jewish people and the nation of Israel. 

In summary, the demonic powers and prince of Persia in the Bible are acting through terrorist groups today to attack the Jewish people and the land of Israel. Why? Because Satan hates the Jewish people.



Satan Hates the Jewish People

Israel is the most fought-over piece of real estate in the world, and the Jewish people are the most persecuted in history. The war in Israel today goes beyond physical or political reasons. It is spiritual.

As Christians, we stand with Israel. This isn’t to say we are against Palestinians, as God is for all people. But to be clear, Israel is not at war with the Palestinians. They are at war with Hamas, whom the Palestinians have also victimized.


3 Reasons Satan Hates the Jewish People

1. The prophecy in Genesis 3:15

“And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.”

God promised a Savior King, the seed of the woman, would come and bruise the head of the serpent. The Savior King is Jesus from the line of David and the seed of Abraham. Jesus was a Jew. Satan has been devising plans to stop the plan of God from the moment the Genesis 3:15 prophecy was given.


2. The prophecy in Genesis 12:1-3

“Now the Lord had said to Abram: ‘Get out of your country, from your family and from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’”

The prophetic promise continues through Abraham. A great nation would emerge from his family, blessing all the nations. There is also a promise of a curse that falls upon those against Abraham’s descendants, Israel. Satan wants to stop the spread of God’s salvation through Jesus and the blessings given to all families of the earth.


3. The prophecy in Genesis 15:18

“On the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying: ‘To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates—the Kenites, the Kenezzites, the Kadmonites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.’”

God’s promises continue from the people of Israel to the land of Israel. The Promised Land belongs to the physical seed of Abraham. He gives the coordinates from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates and modern-day Iraq. In Genesis 17, God says this is an everlasting covenant. Everlasting means precisely what it says—lasting forever. This promise holds today, and Satan has been trying to counteract it from the beginning.



The Nations That Come Against Israel Are Destroyed

The prince of Persia in the Bible energized kingdoms and groups then and does so still. This can seem as though the enemy is winning. However, the Bible clearly says any nation or people who come against the Jewish people will be destroyed.


The Assyrians

In 722 B.C., the Assyrians invaded Israel, leading the ten northern tribes into captivity. No Assyrians are alive today, but the Jewish people are alive and well.


The Babylonians

In 605 B.C., the Babylonians invaded and plundered Jerusalem, leading the two southern tribes into captivity. No Babylonians are alive today, but the Jewish people have prospered.


Haman in the days of the Persian Empire

In 474 B.C., Haman tricked the king of Persia into signing a decree to kill all the Jews. This story is explained in the Book of Esther. Haman was the one who was killed, not the Jews.


Adolf Hitler

In the 1930s and 1940s, Hitler orchestrated a Holocaust with the intent of killing the Jewish people. Today, Hitler is dead, and the Jewish people have moved into their land.


There is only one way to explain these events: When you get on the wrong side of Israel, you are on the wrong side of God. The Bible prophesies the destruction of all forces energized by Satan in the last days, but God plans a place of protection for His people (see Revelation 12).



After the Prince of Persia Comes the Prince of Greece

The angel delivers his message to Daniel. Daniel is brokenhearted by the news, realizing the troublesome times coming to Israel. But the angel strengthens him and tells him he has to return to fight the demonic powers against Israel (the prince of Persia and Greece).


“Then he said, ‘Do you know why I have come to you? And now I must return to fight with the prince of Persia; and when I have gone forth, indeed the prince of Greece will come.’”—Daniel 10:20 (emphasis added)


The battle was not over for this heavenly messenger. The same armies are still at war, and even amid attacks, God’s watchful hand and powerful angel army are working behind the scenes to protect and preserve His people.



Understand the Times and the Signs

If you want greater insight into the events in the Middle East, check out “What’s Next for Israel?” Amir Tsarfati joins Pastor Phil Hopper from Abundant Life to answer questions about the Hamas invasion and the prophetic implications.


Do you want a deeper study of the book of Daniel? Then get this FREE Daniel Bible Study! God wants us to understand and be prepared for the times we are in and the times that lie ahead. We don’t need to be fearful, but we do need to see today’s culture through a biblical lens.